Maritime transportation has been one of the main transportation methods of world trade throughout history. Today, it plays an important role in the transportation of large volumes and heavy loads in the most economical and environmentally friendly way in international trade. Despite the costly and limited capacities of road and air transport, maritime transport offers a much more efficient alternative for long distances and large volumes of cargo.
Advantages of Sea Freight
Economic Costs: Sea transportation offers more economical costs compared to other transportation methods. A ship can carry many containers or large loads at a time, which reduces costs and provides a competitive advantage in business operations.
High Capacity: Sea transportation has a much higher carrying capacity than other transportation methods. The large carrying areas of the ships and the stackable nature of the containers allow for the efficient transportation of large volumes of cargo.
Low Carbon Emissions: Sea transportation causes lower carbon emissions compared to road and air transportation. Therefore, it is considered an environmentally friendly method of transport and is important for sustainability.
Global Access: Marine transportation has an integrated network between the world’s sea ports and enables trade and goods flow on a global scale.
Less Dangerous and Safe: Sea transportation is less risky and safer than other transportation methods. Ship routes generally follow designated and inspected routes and carry less risk of traffic accidents than land transport.
Types of Sea Freight
Sea freight uses a variety of methods to transport different types of cargo:
Container Transportation: It is the most common type of maritime transportation in which large volumes of cargo are transported in standardized containers. This facilitates the handling of loads and speeds up transport processes.
Ro-Ro Transportation: It is a type of transportation in which vehicles (cars, trucks, buses) are transported on ships berthing to the quay.
Tanker Transportation: It is the type of transportation in which liquid cargoes such as oil, natural gas and chemicals are transported by special tanker ships.
The Role of Sea Freight in Turkey
Turkey is an important actor in maritime transport due to its strategic location and the history of maritime trade. Natural passages such as the Straits and the Sea of Marmara connect the country to important sea routes such as the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. Turkey’s ports are the center of international maritime transport, providing easy access to both European and Asian markets.